La regolazione dinamica dei processi affettivi attraverso la mediazione semiotica

Jaan Valsiner, Raffaele De Luca Picione


Riassunto: Presentiamo una prospettiva semiotica e dinamica per indagare e discutere dal punto di vista psicologico i fenomeni della regolazione affettiva attraverso la mediazione e l’articolazione dei segni. Al fine di evitare uno sguardo semplicistico, lineare e riduttivo, i fenomeni affettivi sono presentati come campi quasi strutturati (“campi affettivi”), i quali vengono a differenziarsi attraverso mediatori semiotici (segni). La loro funzione è quella di orientare le persone attraverso l’anticipazione dell’immediato futuro. La regolazione semiotica conduce alla costruzione di gerarchie – temporanee – ovvero strutture di segni che incanalano le esperienze. Dalla costituzione di segni operatori di meta-livello segue sia la veloce espansione della costruzione di segni (cd. accrescitori semiotici) sia l’arresto e la demolizione della temporanea gerarchia regolativa di segni (cd. terminatori semiotici). Tali segni permettono tanto l’espansione flessibile quanto la limitazione della profondità e della ridondanza dei processi di auto-regolazione delle esperienze soggettive e delle azioni nei diversi contesti.

Parole chiave: Mediazione semiotica; Segni; Gerarchie; Affetti; Regolazione affettiva; Campi affettivi


The Dynamic Regulation of Affective Processes through Semiotic Mediation

Abstract: We introduce a semiotic and dynamic perspective to investigate and discuss – from a psychological point of view – the process of affective regulation through the mediation and articulation of signs. In order to avoid a simplistic, linear and reductive appraisal, affective phenomena are presented as quasi-structured fields (“affective fields”), which differentiate themselves through semiotic mediators (signs). Their function is to orient people in anticipation of the immediate future. Semiotic regulation leads to the construction of temporary hierarchies, namely structures of signs that guide experiences. From the constitution of meta-level operator signs ensues both the rapid expansion of the construction of signs (semiotic enhancers) and the arrest and the demolition of the temporary regulatory hierarchy of signs (semiotic terminators). These signs allow for flexible expansion but also limit the “depth” and redundancy of self-regulation processes in subjective experiences and actions in different contexts.

Keywords: Semiotic Mediation; Signs; Hyerarchies; Affects; Affect Regulation; Affective Fields

Parole chiave

Mediazione semiotica; Segni; Gerarchie; Affetti; Regolazione affettiva; Campi affettivi

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