Finzione e cognizione sociale

Gianluca Consoli


Riassunto: Negli ultimi anni alcuni studi cruciali condotti nell’ambito della psicologia cognitiva, della psicologia sociale e della psicologia dei media, e più in generale nelle scienze neurocognitive, hanno dimostrato che la finzione è in grado di favorire processi di apprendimento relativi alla cognizione sociale, in particolare rendendo possibile l’acquisizione di credenze, lo sviluppo di competenze sociali, il cambiamento degli atteggiamenti. Questo articolo esamina criticamente i risultati sperimentali più rilevanti relativi all’apprendimento dalla finzione e integra in un quadro teorico unitario i diversi meccanismi cognitivi coinvolti.

Parole chiave: Simulazione; Finzione; Credenze; Vigilanza epistemica; Riflessione

Fiction and Social Cognition

Abstract: In recent years several crucial studies in cognitive psychology, social psychology, media psychology, and more generally in the neurocognitive sciences, have shown that fiction can facilitate learning processes related to social cognition. In particular these studies indicate that fiction enables the acquisition of beliefs, the development of social skills, and attitude change. This article discusses the most important experimental results for learning through fiction, and integrates the cognitive mechanisms engaged by fiction in a consistent theoretical framework.

Keywords: Simulation; Fiction; Beliefs; Epistemic Vigilance; Reflection 

Parole chiave

Simulazione; Finzione; Credenze; Vigilanza epistemica; Riflessione

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